New project project cost control
Abstract: the project cost control runs through the whole process of project construction. The article before the construction investment decision-making with design phase, project bidding, project implementation, accounting financial management, Completion Final Accounts audit several link proceed with, elaborated the basic approach of new project cost control.
Key words: new project; project cost; control way
Project cost control in construction projects throughout the entire process. In the project investment decision, design, construction project, bidding and project implementation, the financial settlement and payment stage, the construction project cost control in the approved budget limits, at any time to correct the deviation in the construction projects, to reasonable use manpower, material resources, financial capacity, gain better investment benefit. This article from the following aspects of construction project cost control way.
,, before the construction of investment decision and design stage is the key to the investment control of
To control project cost effectively, must put the emphasis shifted to early days phase. Influence of construction project investment the main stage design stage, the design stage is the key to the investment control of construction project design, saving is the biggest managing, design to determine the project cost, budget, settlement can only measure and does not change the basic cost engineering. Therefore, the construction unit of the project cost control should focus on design stage, it is effective to control the construction project investment location. A good design, not only to make good social benefits, but also has economic rationality. Through the design change control of engineering cost control. Design change refers to the design of units of the original construction drawings and design documents are expressed in the design of standard state changes and modifications. Design change and spot visa both nature is different, every belongs to the category of design changes, according to the design change process, and not to site visa processing. Necessary design changes should try to advance, change occurred in the earlier, the loss is small, whereas it is big. As in the design stage of change, simply modify drawings, other costs has not yet occurred, limited damage; if in the procurement of stage of change, not only need to modify the drawings, equipment, and materials will need to purchase; if in the construction stage of change, in addition to the above charges, has been the construction of the project must be removed, will cause significant loss. So we must strengthen the management of design change, strict control of design changes, as far as possible the design change control in the design stage, especially for the engineering cost is greatly influenced by the design change, must first settle, after the change. Prevention through design changes to expand the scale of construction, increase the content of construction, improve construction standards, ensure the effective control of Engineering cost.
In two, project bidding is effective control cost of the basic link
Project construction is executed action bid make, is to adapt to the objective request of the market economy, the competition mechanism, optimize the allocation of resources, low cost, high quality, efficient completion of the construction project. The time limit for a project and quality are assured and satisfied, the tender side is to choose the lowest tender offer or bid the lowest bidder, therefore, the competition of the price bidding as a core of the work will undoubtedly become the focus of attention of the parties. First of all, the compilation of construction project bidding document, should accomplish precise content, complete and accurate, the tender conditions should be fair and reasonable, tender in accordance with the relevant provisions of the law. Secondly, to prepare the bid, project bid to ensure quality, the project cost control within reasonable limits. Should be repeated review of the cost level of rationality, whether in the investment control range.
In three, the project implementation stage is the important segment that controls project cost
The construction phase of the project cost is affirmatory with control is to implement the whole process cost of construction engineering management important component, in the actual project management, first of all, task must be to win the bid unit not only chose the strong technical force, but also has high credibility, ensure time limit for a project of construction team, but also to avoid the cost of construction was sub-contracted, layer upon layer peeling the phenomenon occurs, resulting in jerry. Must according to the bidding commitments in construction organization configuration construction team. Secondly, to attach great importance to the construction organization design review, a good construction organization design to people, objects, materials rationally, it can not only reduce the cost of construction enterprises, but also can reduce the construction unit of the investment, shorten the construction period. Therefore, the construction units must be organized carefully review the construction unit in the construction organization design and construction scheme for critical working procedures, if necessary, by social intermediary institutions. Again, want to strengthen contract management. The construction units must be a person responsible for the management of the project contract, strict review of text, the terms of the contract must be rigorous, comprehensive, clear responsibilities. The construction unit technology, accounting personnel should be familiar with the terms of the contract, be good at seizing delay time claim, claim on quality, change claim claim opportunity, and on the basis of contract review unit construction claim, safeguard their legitimate rights and interests. Finally, we should conscientiously implement the construction supervision, the supervision unit technology, economic aspects of human resources advantages, to the entire process of construction management, responsible for on-site technical economic visa.
Four, accounting financial management is to control the cost of construction project the indispensable one annulus
One of the first start new projects must have a more perfect investment plan, as a financial personnel wants to play the function of the financial management, to the overall project plan, including the investment budget, financing ei论文发表 strategy, equipment procurement, construction and other aspects of a comprehensive and detailed understanding, only in this way can we know the score, the overall grasp on the construction project financial management. The new project, financial personnel face is a lot of payment problems, so the financial personnel to participate in the management of construction projects, to grab from financial payment. At the time of payment, strict with a signed contract, agreement as the basis, to prevent some staff not in accordance with the provisions of the payment business, financial management out of control, prevent to exceed budget payment behavior, leading to the project eventually overrun. According to strict financial regulation, accounting period of construction investment cost, prevent appear Zhang foreign assets and liabilities.
In five, the completion of the audit is the effective control of project cost in the final link
Final account of construction project is to reflect the actual cost and investment effect file. Should be timely, accurate completion final accounts audit, in determining the project cost, adhere to the current valuation standard as the basis, in accordance with the construction contract and the requirements of the bidding documents, according to the completion of plans, combined with the site and design change audit. Project audit personnel should be familiar /with the engineering quantity calculation rules, the project cost calculation, cost quota content and method of the preparation of remember, principle, ensure the accuracy of project cost calculation. For this reason, still adhere to the development site, master of engineering dynamics, understanding whether the works according to the drawings and construction changes. Years of experience proved, some with no construction, some have been removed from the part without notice of change, as well as in the change based on the changed again, so the settlement, not just to the drawings and change calculation verification, to the scene, carefully check, strict control of each link, Cengcengbaguan, make project economic cost is reasonable, accord with the valuation standard.
To sum up, the construction project cost control of a number of links and professional knowledge, people-oriented, improve the quality of personnel management is particularly important. Now with the engineering quantity valuation standard implementation, separation of quantity and price, the market decides the price. Thus, requirements of cost management to know technology, and to understand the economy of all aspects of high-quality personnel, in order to adapt to the changing market spring tide, to determine a reasonable and effective control of project cost.